The update is to reflect modern drug offending and new guidelines for offences created by the Psychoactive Substances Act 2016 to bring clarity and transparency around the sentencing process for drug offences.
These new guidelines introduce aggravating factors that could increase sentences for offenders who use the home of a vulnerable person (so-called ‘cuckooing’), exploit children or run county lines in their offending.
In the consultation, these factors were depicted as indicating a leading role in the offending but have now been changed to aggravating factors after consultation to recognise that they are not limited to offenders in a leading role and that offenders lower in the offending chain may also exploit vulnerable people or children in their offending.
The Council also decided to “future proof” the guideline by agreeing to review the harm table every three years, looking at both the list of drugs which are included, and the quantities given.
New and more powerful drugs have also been brought onto the market over recent years, including various kinds of “Spice”, and synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and carfentanil.
The new MDA guidelines provide for such drugs. In the assessment of harm, the quantity of some drugs has been updated to reflect the change in purity (ecstasy) and yield (cannabis) of the drugs since the 2012 guidelines.
Research conducted by the sentencing Council in preparation for producing the guidelines indicated that there are disparities in sentence outcomes for some drug offences associated with ethnicity and sex. The Council has taken measures in the guidelines to address this, including drawing sentencers’ attention to evidence of sentencing disparities in specific offences as an integral part the sentencing process.
The Council states that it is committed to investigating apparent disparity in sentencing outcomes further. As part of this work the Council has convened an internal working group to consider what further steps might be taken in this area and is in the process of commissioning a review of how its guidelines operate to help identify any areas for further work.
Overall Sentencing Trends
It is too difficult to predict with any degree of certainty what will happen in relation to overall sentence lengths once these guidelines come in to force, but the expectation, based on previous experience, is that sentences may in some cases increase in length.
As a firm, we will be carefully monitoring the impact of the guidelines and will not hesitate to advise on appeal where necessary.
How can we help?
If you need specialist advice on a matter of criminal law, then get in touch with our Crime Team on 020 7935 3522 or email@example.com or in an emergency please call our 24/7 number 07973 259382 and let us help. We can advise on a plea, defences and potential sentences in a wide range of circumstances.
Whatever your personal circumstances the above is only a guide and we would advise you to contact us to obtain definitive advice as you will appreciate that each person’s circumstances are unique to them.
Image credit: “Day 53 – Early morning drugs raid in Dudley” by West Midlands Police is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0)